This is the basic test that gives an idea on testicular functions. The patient produces a semen sample by masturbation with a 2-4 day abstinence period. This is checked for a number of parameters including sperm count, motility and morphology.
Routine Semen Analysis asseses the concentration of the sperm, its motility (the percentage of moving sperm), the progression of sperm cells (the speed at which they are moving) and the percentage of normal sperm in the ejaculate. In addition we also check for anti-sperm antibodies which can be a contributing factor to subfertility. This will help us predict the chances of natural conception or highlight an underlying issue of subfertility. It’s recommended that two Semen Analyses are carried out to diagnose male factor subfertility. These should be two-three months apart.