How to Increase Fertility Potential in Men and Women
Article from medical experts from our clinic

How to Increase Fertility Potential in Men and Women

We understand the frustration and upset involved in trying to conceive but not succeeding, and the desire to know how to increase fertility potential and learn if there is anything else you could be doing. To help with this, we have provided some professional advice and a few tips that might help to increase fertility in both men and women.

Read on to learn more, or contact our team at GENNET City Fertility today to book a consultation with a discreet and understanding specialist.

What is Fertility Potential?

Fertility potential is generally regarded as a person’s overall ability to conceive. The term is more commonly used for women, or for nonbinary or transgender patients who were born female, to refer to their ovarian reserve, or the number of egg cells the person is likely to have available in their ovaries. Their potential will also decline rapidly after the age of 35, as the number and the quality of their eggs decrease over time.

For men, or for patients who are nonbinary or transgender but were born male, fertility potential is related to the quality and quantity of their sperm. These factors will also begin to decline after a person turns 40, but the reduction in fertility potential is not as rapid or as extreme as the reduction biologically female patients will see in theirs. More often, their fertility potential will not be related to age.

How to Increase Fertility Potential

Generally, the first, easiest, and most common ways to increase fertility potential are things that your doctor will recommend you do anyway. These are all lifestyle factors that can usually be implemented into a person’s day-to-day routine with little trouble and may be considered ways to increase your fertility naturally:

  • Make sure you are eating a healthy, balanced diet (this includes healthy fats such as oily fish, avocado, whole dairy, and nuts)
  • Make sure you are getting moderate, regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight 
  • Make sure you are moderating alcohol consumption, or even avoiding it entirely
  • Make sure you are not smoking
  • Make sure you are not using recreational drugs
  • Try to reduce factors in life which may be causing stress

If you are already doing all of this, then your doctor may recommend that you and your partner (if you have one) simply try to conceive naturally for a little while longer. Many people who do not achieve a successful pregnancy within the first year of trying will manage to do so within the second year without any assistance. Sometimes, it just takes time.

To increase the chances of getting pregnant when you want, doctors will normally suggest that you:

  • Ensure you are having sex around the time the female partner is ovulating (this normally happens around 12 to 16 days before their period is due to start)
  • Ensure you are having unprotected sex every 2 to 3 days

How to Increase Fertility in Women

The methods listed above are the first likely methods of improving fertility in women, but they are not necessarily the only ways this can be done. When trying for a baby, you can also decide to try:

Getting Enough Sleep

Being sleep deprived can affect your hormones and make it more difficult for you to become pregnant. By setting yourself a regular sleeping schedule, you are less likely to have an impact.

Avoiding Exposure to Toxins

Exposure to heavy metals like lead, pesticides, and even certain cleaning agents and detergents have been found to put you at an increased risk of fertility problems. Limiting your exposure to these by switching to chemical-free cleaning solutions, or wearing protective clothing and equipment when using them in situations where you can’t (such as if you are exposed to them at work) may help to preserve or increase your fertility.

Lowering Your Caffeine Intake

Having a caffeine intake of under 200 mg a day has not been shown to affect fertility in women. Limiting yourself to one or two cups of coffee or tea per day may therefore help you to become pregnant sooner. Some studies even suggest that drinking caffeine in moderation may help to promote higher oestrogen levels in the body.

Increasing Oestrogen Levels for Fertility

An adult female body needs to properly fluctuate between low and high oestrogen levels to regulate its menstrual cycle. The hormone makes the lining of a person’s womb thicker and more receptive to the implantation of a fertilised egg cell, and its levels are at their highest just before ovulation starts. 

If you have spoken to your doctor and they indicate that low oestrogen levels are having an impact on your fertility, there are several ways that you can help to increase them:

  • Eating foods that contain phytoestrogens (plant-based oestrogens that mimic oestrogen in the body), such as grapes, soy products, hummus, seeds, beans, and lentils
  • Taking prescribed medication that you have discussed with your doctor
  • Check with your doctor if you may be undergoing menopause or perimenopause; symptoms of these include hot flashes and changes to your period (such as periods getting closer together or lasting for longer than a week)

How to Increase Fertility in Men

While the methods we’ve listed above are the quickest and most common ways to increase fertility in men, there are also some other methods that you can try:

Moderating Sperm Temperature

Testicles hang just outside the male body because they need to be kept slightly cooler than the rest of the body to produce the best quality sperm. Helping your body to keep your testicles cool whenever possible may help to encourage the production of healthy sperm, and thereby increase your chances of conceiving. 

For instance, if your job involves working in a hot environment or you frequently use saunas or hot tubs, you may consider taking regular breaks somewhere cooler. Similarly, if your job involves sitting for long periods, getting up and moving around might help as well.

Avoiding Toxicants and Radiation

Exposure to heavy metals such as lead, as well as herbicides, pesticides, and radiation (including radiation produced by X-rays) have all been proven to affect both sperm quantity and quality. While it may not always be possible to avoid these things if you work in an environment where any of them are prevalent, you may be able to help your fertility by making sure you are working around them safely. This includes wearing the right protective clothing and equipment and avoiding skin contact with chemicals.

Getting a Fertility Assessment from GENNET City Fertility

If attempting to increase your fertility naturally doesn’t work, your doctor may decide to refer you to a fertility specialist instead. Any professional should be able to offer you a range of tests, assessments, and investigations that provide a diagnosis and offer reassurance as to what may be happening in your body. From the results of any of these, they should also be able to offer treatments that may help to overcome or circumvent issues related to infertility. 

GENNET City Fertility is proud to offer a variety of male and female investigations at our private fertility clinic in London, along with several straightforward and comprehensive assessments that can help to diagnose infertility in men and women:

Our Female Fertility Assessment

Our Female Fertility Assessment will begin with you being invited to our clinic for an Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) blood test. This helps our team to reliably predict your ovarian reserve, and thereby give an accurate indication of your potential fertility. 

The second step will involve completing a fertility scan with an antral follicle count. This count also measures ovarian reserve but is instead conducted via a transvaginal ultrasound study. Doing this helps us to learn more about your egg reserve and the blood flow to your ovaries and follicles.

You will also spend some time in consultation with one of our specialists, who will go over your fertility and medical history with you. They will also take you through the results of your blood test and scan at the same time, before presenting you with potential treatment options and advice on lifestyle changes that may help to increase fertility in your case.

Our Male Fertility Assessments

We can offer two different options for diagnosing male infertility at our clinic. The first of these is our Male Fertility Assessment, which involves collecting a sperm sample from you to conduct a semen analysis. When carried out, this analysis will test several different parameters and factors that often affect fertility in men. These include sperm count, morphology (the shape of the sperm cells), and motility (the sperm cell's ability to move). 

The second option we can offer, our Comprehensive Male Fertility Clinic, is a package session that sees all tests and assessments carried out in a shorter space of time. It’s a 45-60 minute session run once per week by our Head Urologist and Andrologist, Mr Raheem, and also offers a precautionary scan (to rule out testis cancer), advice, and recommended treatments based on the results of your assessment.

Consultation with a specialist will also be offered, and they will be able to provide advice and recommendations on changes to your lifestyle based on the results of your tests. What they suggest may help to increase your fertility, allowing you to conceive naturally.

Book a Consultation

If you and your partner feel that you are ready to get started on the journey to parenthood but need some help taking the necessary steps, please do not hesitate to contact us. Our friendly team will be ready to book you in for a free, 30-minute mini consultation with one of our specialists as soon as you get in touch.

Our doctors will be glad to take you through an initial assessment and discuss your options for improving your fertility through lifestyle changes ‒ or even professional treatments where necessary. Every option discussed with you will then form part of a bespoke plan that’s tailored to suit your needs, and that could see your fertility potential increase over time.

Article from medical experts from our clinic