Exploring Fertility and Treatment Options
Whenever you wish to begin expanding your family, you will need to first consider your fertility. But what does it mean to be fertile? How does this differ between people who are biologically male and female? What is available to help those experiencing reduced fertility?
What is Fertility?
Fertility is typically defined as a person’s ability to naturally conceive children. Most of the adult population of the world is considered to be fertile, with about 1 in 8couples having difficulty achieving a pregnancy.
There are many reasons people may experience reduced fertility or infertility, and causes vary from environmental factors to an individual’s health and lifestyle. Doctors and specialists around the world will often give advice or suggest a range of treatments to improve a person’s chances of conceiving naturally, or to circumvent infertility so that they might have a baby anyway.
Female fertility is a woman’s ability to get pregnant. This also applies to nonbinary and transgender people who were born female and are still able to conceive and carry a child.
For people born biologically female, their fertility or infertility is most commonly tied to how many good quality eggs they have available in their ovaries. This is also why female fertility potential is noted to decline with age; people who are born female will be born with all the eggs they will ever have or need in their lifetime. This number decreases as they age, and any eggs left will deteriorate in terms of health and quality. As a result, these eggs are more likely to develop chromosomal abnormalities, less likely to be fertilised, and less likely to result in a viable, healthy pregnancy.
Fertility and Age in Women
Fertility in women is believed to peak between the teen years and 20s, with the decline in fertility potential becoming significant by the time they reach their mid-30s. This then becomes even more rapid until the person eventually reaches and goes through menopause (which will usually happen at around the age of 50). After this time, they will not be able to get pregnant naturally as they will no longer experience a menstrual cycle.
Age may also play an extended part in female fertility potential and cases of infertility because it can often cause people to develop medical conditions. These include uterine fibroids (non-cancerous tumours) and endometriosis, both of which are known to lower your chances of getting pregnant.
A Woman’s Fertility Cycle
Female fertility is also connected to the person’s menstrual cycle. For most of the days within a person’s cycle, they will not be fertile enough to conceive, though this will change as they reach the middle-to-end of one particular cycle. These fertile days are known as the “fertile window”, and will usually take place for around 4 to 5 days before ovulation occurs and a mature egg is released.
When an egg is released, it will leave the ovary and travel down one of a person’s two fallopian tubes towards the uterus. If it meets sperm coming in the other direction, there is a chance for fertilisation to take place and for the egg to start developing into an embryo. This will eventually become a blastocyst that implants itself in the uterine wall, before growing and developing into a foetus.
Male fertility is generally regarded as a man’s ability to get someone pregnant. This will also cover nonbinary or transgender people who were born male and are still able to conceive.
In most cases, male fertility or infertility is related to the quality of the person’s semen and the sperm cells within the fluid. Sperm cells carry half the genetic material required to conceive a child. If through any particular cause or reason sperm production is affected in a male body, this may result in:
- There being fewer sperm cells produced, resulting in a lower sperm count
- The sperm cells produced having an abnormal morphology (shape)
- The sperm cells produced having reduced motility (ability to move)
To produce as many healthy sperm cells as possible, the body requires equally healthy function in the testicles, hypothalamus, and pituitary glands (the organs in the brain responsible for the hormones that trigger sperm production). It also requires the delicate system of tubes that transport sperm through the reproductive system to be fully functional. This ensures that the sperm can move through the body and mix with the rest of the seminal fluid before it is ejaculated.
Fertility Treatments at GENNET City Fertility
If advice for improving your fertility potential naturally doesn’t work, your doctor may refer you to a fertility specialist for further tests, assessments, and investigations instead. Once these have been completed, the results will indicate the fertility treatment or treatments that will work best in your circumstances.
GENNET City Fertility offers a range of male and female investigations at our private fertility clinic in London, alongside several assessments for checking your fertility. These can help to form the basis of a treatment plan, by helping our team to find out which one of our professional treatments is most likely to be beneficial for you:
Our assessments are designed to offer you the information and reassurance you need. If you are single, we would normally recommend either the Female Fertility Assessment or Male Fertility Assessment. We can also offer a session in our weekly Comprehensive Male Fertility Clinic if you would like to receive your results and hear advice in a condensed amount of time.
If you are in a relationship, both our Male and Female Fertility Assessments may be combined (in the case of heterosexual couples) or doubled (in the case of couples belonging to the LGBTQ+ community) to make up the Couples’ Initial Consultation Package. This brings together one Male and one Female, or two Male or two Female, Fertility Assessments together, making them more affordable for those looking to start families.
If you decide that we are the clinic for you and that you would like to receive treatment with us, we can offer several different options:
- Ovulation induction
- Frozen-Thawed Embryo Transfers (FET)
- Egg Freezing
- Egg Donation
- Sperm Freezing
- Male Treatments
- Laboratory Methods
One of these may be what you need to overcome or navigate around your fertility problems and have a baby. However, you will be advised as to what treatments are likely to be effective in your case and you will never be pressured into trying something you are not comfortable with.
Book a Consultation
If you feel ready to begin the journey to parenthood but feel as though you may need some help getting there, or even if you are just interested in monitoring your fertility, contact us today. Our team will be glad to book you in for a free, 30-minute mini consultation with one of our specialists, who’ll be happy to take you through an initial assessment.
After this, and once they know more about your fertility and medical history, they can offer advice on lifestyle changes that may improve your fertility, or further tests or treatments if you decide to seek these with us. Everything you choose will then go to form part of a bespoke treatment plan, tailored to you and designed to give you the best chance at forming the family you want.