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An Explanation of Semen Analysis at GENNET City Fertility
Fertility Specialist
2021-04-11

An Explanation of Semen Analysis at GENNET City Fertility

We understand that not every procedure we carry out at our London clinic will be self-explanatory, and may require further clarification before a patient feels comfortable going ahead. 

This is why we have created this explanation, so that our patients can read on and find out everything they need to know about semen analysis, from the steps of the procedure and costs, to what will happen if the results are not quite what they expected.

Read on below to find out more about what you’ll be receiving with a semen analysis conducted at GENNET City Fertility.

What is a Semen Analysis?

A semen analysis, also called a semen assessment here at our private London clinic, is a test which analyses the sperm found in a semen sample. It helps a doctor or a fertility specialist to uncover the reasons a couple may be having trouble conceiving naturally.

Many will already know that it is possible to have a low sperm count, and a semen analysis or assessment can test for this. However, it can also test the morphology of the sperm (meaning checking the shape of the cells), and the motility (how well they move) as well. Narrowing down these issues is often key to finding out the potential cause of a couple’s fertility problems, so it is always beneficial to have one carried out if you are having trouble starting a family.

If you and your partner are finding it hard to conceive naturally, it’s likely that a semen analysis will be one of, if not the, first test ordered and conducted to check your fertility when you go to your GP. By booking with GENNET City Fertility, you will be able to decide on having this procedure conducted yourself.

How is a Semen Analysis Carried Out?

A semen analysis is carried out in a simple and straightforward way on the part of the patient. All you will need to do is abstain from intercourse, or from any other form of ejaculation, for around 2-4 days prior to the assessment itself. You may also wish to avoid alcohol before the sample is taken.

Any fluid sample collected at our clinic will be produced via masturbation, in the privacy of one of our rooms.

Once the sample has been taken, our specialists will analyse the sample for a number of different factors and parameters which may point to a problem with your fertility or ability to conceive naturally. Some of these factors may indicate male infertility as a whole as well, though this is not always the case.

The parameters we will check when conducting a semen analysis in our lab include:

  • Sperm count
  • Sperm concentration
  • What percent of sperm in the ejaculate could be considered “normal”
  • Sperm motility

In addition to this, our staff will also check the fluid for anti-sperm antibodies. These are antibodies produced by a body which are directed against sperm cells, and can arise whenever sperm encounter a person’s immune system. They are often a contributing factor in subfertility. 

By performing an analysis, we will be able to predict the chances of a couple conceiving naturally, or highlight any potential underlying issues which may be a contributing factor to current fertility problems. 

We highly recommend that two tests are conducted 2-3 months apart in order to achieve the most accurate results. 

How Long Will a Semen Analysis Take?

While your part in the procedure should only take a few minutes, you may have to wait longer for the analysis results to come back from the lab. It may take 24 hours for the results to be ready and within a week they will be returned to you. When they are, they will either be emailed to you or discussed with you over the phone by one of our specialists.

Your Results

If the results come back from the lab and show that there is a problem, our specialists will be able to guide you through the next steps, including offering a range of fertility treatments that may still allow you and your partner to conceive. These include:

  • IVF
  • ICSI
  • Surgical Sperm Retrieval (PESA/TESA/TESE/micro TESE)
  • Using donor sperm

If the results of your test come back from the lab and they show that your collected sperm is normal, but you find that you are still having trouble conceiving, then our specialists may be able to offer you advice on changing your lifestyle to help improve your chances of conceiving naturally. There may also be a range of treatment options available from our clinic which could allow you to form the family you’ve always wanted, even if not quite as you had imagined before.

How to Improve Your Results

There may be a number of things you can do in your everyday life to improve the quality of your sperm, especially if the primary concern is sperm count. While the consulting specialist will be able to tell you more regarding your own personal circumstances, just doing the following may make a difference to the quality and quantity:

  • Exercising regularly and staying fit and healthy
  • Keeping a healthy, balanced diet
  • Stopping smoking
  • Limiting your alcohol consumption

How Much Will a Semen Analysis Cost?

There are three main methods of receiving a semen analysis at our private clinic: 

  1. Male Fertility Assessment;
  2. One Stop Male Fertility Clinic, which is conducted by our Head Urologist, Mr Raheem, once a week; and 
  3. Couple’s Fertility Assessment Package.

A Male Fertility Test or Assessment from us will cost £185. For this price, you will receive an extended semen assessment or analysis, as well as a follow-up consultation with a specialist to discuss the results and any further steps you will need to take.

If you are considering a visit to our One Stop Male Fertility Clinic, you should note that this will cost £290 to book and attend. However, for this price, you will be receiving everything you need to make an informed decision about your own health and fertility. You will also be receiving general advice and consultation on what you can do to improve your fertility if the results are not as expected.

The Couple’s Fertility Assessment Package will cost £350 and you and your partner can have tests to see your current fertility status. It includes a Semen Assessment for the male partner and a Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) blood test and Antral Follicle Count (AFC) vaginal ultrasound scan for the female partner. The results of these tests and investigations are then discussed during a consultation with one of our Consultants. For same-sex couples, this package will be amended and either include two Semen Assessments or two AMH blood tests and two AFC ultrasound scans, as well as a consultation, and all for the same price. 

GENNET City Fertility’s accepted payment methods are debit and credit cards (American Express only up to £750 per invoice), and bank transfers. You shouldn’t worry about the price of any procedure or treatment before your first consultation, however, because our specialists will discuss payment terms with you then.

Contact Us to Book an Analysis Today

If you and your partner are ready to expand your family and begin the journey to parenthood but know that you may need some help getting there, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with our private clinic in London. We will be happy to book you in for a free mini consultation with a fertility specialist, and can have a semen analysis arranged to help uncover any problems which may be preventing you from forming your dream family.

If you would like a more comprehensive test that can give you an overview of your fertility and chances at conceiving naturally, you may also wish to consider booking a session at our One Stop Male Fertility Clinic. The results provided in this session may offer you the same solutions as a Male Fertility Assessment in a shorter amount of time, so you can decide to take the next step that little bit sooner.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can You Do a Semen Analysis After a Vasectomy?

Men who have recently had a vasectomy will be required to have a semen analysis after, in order to check that the procedure has worked and to inform the patient of when they can stop using other forms of contraception. This is called a Post Vasectomy Semen Analysis (PVSA), and should be performed twice (the first no sooner than 16 weeks after the vasectomy is carried out).

Referral for this kind of test is done in the same way as a normal semen analysis, and will be organised by the surgeon or specialist GP who performed the vasectomy.

What is Abnormal Semen?

Abnormal semen or abnormal sperm are sperm cells that have been found to be misshapen. In terms of sperm morphology, a normal sperm cell will have an oval head and a long tail. Abnormal sperm, on the other hand, will have observable head or tail defects. These range from large, misshapen heads, to double or crooked tails. 

These defects do have the potential to affect the sperm’s ability to reach an egg cell. However, having a large percentage of misshapen sperm in the fluid isn’t uncommon, and it’s often the case that many sperm cells collected in a sample won’t appear as they should under a microscope

Dr Malini Uppal
Fertility Specialist